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7 Commonest Dental Emergencies and Their Prevention


Everyday dental issues can be a bother. From broken tooth to gum disease and tooth decay, the number of dental emergencies keeps increasing. Proper oral care is recommended to maintain dental health. But what you can do in times of emergency can stop any permanent harm.

What dental emergencies are most common? How can they be stopped from happening? 

The 7 common dental emergencies

  • Toothache: Are you having pain in your teeth? It may be a sign of a number of conditions. Pain may precede tooth decay. There are toothaches that require no urgent treatment - they'll simply disappear. But if the toothaches comes with swelling, you need dental care fast.

Over-the-counter pain medication and aspirin are not good for toothaches as they can burn the tissue upon contact with the infected gum. Rather, hold a cold compress against your cheek and contact an emergency dentist in London near me. 

After treating your emergency, the dentist will advise you on the benefits of dental hygiene against serious dental issues.

  • Broken or chipped teeth: You will feel uncomfortable when your tooth is chipped. Not only that, it will affect your smile. A broken tooth can happen when you bite down on a hard substance. So, here's what to do. Rinse your mouth using warm water and apply a small gauze to the affected area. Go further by holding a cold compress against the area of your face nearest to the broken tooth to stop the pain and lower swelling.

During the time you're getting emergency treatment, your dentist will ask that you be careful not to eat hard or crunchy foods. They'll also advise that you avoid contact sports and other activities that may likely break your tooth.

  • Knocked-out tooth: Where your tooth is knocked out, hold it by the crown, which is the exposed part and rinse off the root (only on the condition that it's dirty). Where it's not dirty, don't scrub and remove any tissue fragments around the tooth.

The chances are that you can reposition the tooth, but it comes down to the type of injury. However, take care not to push the detached tooth into the socket. How quickly you can put back a knocked-out tooth determines its restoration.

Where you can't put back the tooth, please place it in a solution of water or milk with very little salt. This will keep the tooth active until emergency help comes.

  • Loose crown or fillings: Tooth that has lost its function and appearance can be restored with crowns and fillings. Should these devices get damaged, immediate treatment is required to prevent reinfection or worse damage.

Before you get to an emergency dentist, you can try fixing it temporarily. Place a piece of sugar-free gum into the cavity; however, don't fix the tooth on your own to prevent damage. Alternatively, put the crown or fillings in a safe container, and get it to the dentist for reinsertion or to get a new crown.

  • Broken orthodontics: You'll need urgent dental care London where orthodontic treatment like braces break. Although they are made to stand the pressure from eating, chewing and talking, it's possible they can get damaged and irritate your gums and cheek. This can bring discomfort and also affect the procedure of realigning your teeth. 

Fix this by pushing the broken metal wire into a more comfortable position. Where this doesn't work, get orthodontic wax and cover the exposed wire end. You can also use a piece of gauze or cotton ball. Avoid cutting the wire regardless of how painful uncomfortable it gets to prevent you from swallowing it.

  • Tooth abscess: Mouth infections between teeth and gums and close to tooth root are severe. If not treated, it'll progress to the other teeth and gum tissue - even to the entire body.

See any painful, pimple-like enlarged spot on your gum? It may be an abscess. While contacting an emergency dentist, get a mild water solution to rinse your mouth and apply ice to the swelling. Treat abscesses to prevent more serious dental issues.

  • Pain and bleeding post tooth extraction. While it's not unusual to have bleeding and pain after an operation, should it continue after one hour, kindly call a dentist. In the interim, apply a thick gauze pad on the affected area and bite down to add pressure. Don't eat, drink, rinse, suck, spit or even smoke.

What are the basic emergency dental preventative measures?

  • Wear a mouthguard. Stay away from sports that cause a facial impact that may break, chip or knock out your teeth. Use a mouthguard while you're on the court or field to protect your smile.
  • Be careful of food types and how you eat. Your teeth are strong. But not so strong that they cannot get broken from eating tough meat and hard candy. So, think before you eat. 
  • Avoid chewing on things. The habit of biting down on non-food items like nails, pencils can break or chip your tooth. To fix this, get your hands busy with other things. Eat sugar-free gum. It has the extra advantage of boosting saliva production and removing bacteria.

Got any dental emergencies? Quickly contact our emergency dental clinic London for help. Don't waste any time.

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